Masjid an-Nabawi - Madinah Al Muwwarah

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (Arabic: المسجد النبوي‎, lit. 'The Prophetic Mosque'), known in English as The Prophet's Mosque, is a mosque built by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in the city of Madinah Al Muwwarah. It was the second mosque built by Muhammad (ﷺ) in Madinah, after Masjid Quba', and is the second-largest mosque and second holiest site in Islam, both titles ranking after the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca.

The land of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi belonged to two young orphans, Sahl and Suhayl, and when they came to know that Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) wished to acquire their land for the purposes of erecting a mosque, they went to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and offered the land to him as a gift; our beloved Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) insisted on paying a price for the land because they were orphaned children.

The price agreed upon was paid by Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, who thus became the endower or donor (Arabic: واقِف‎, Romanized: waqif) of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi on behalf of, or in favor of, Muhammad (ﷺ). Al-Ansari also accommodated the Messanger of Allah, Muhammad (ﷺ), upon his arrival at Madinah in 622.

The Prophet Muhammad shared in the construction of the mosque.

Originally an open-air building, the mosque served as a community center, a court of law, and a religious school. There was a raised platform or pulpit (minbar) for the people who taught the Quran and for Muhammad (ﷺ) to give the Friday sermon (Khutbah). Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the mosque, naming its walls, doors, and minarets after themselves and their forefathers.